• Admin

Boiler Chemicals

Scales formation inside boilers is the result of precipitation of impurities and suspended solids present in the feed water, used for boiler operations. Feed water contains dissolved minerals (Chloride, Sulphates, Silicates of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Barium) and impurities (Oil Contaminants, Sludge, Lime) that in due course get accumulated over the boiler internal surfaces, leading to the formation of scales.


What are boiler chemicals?


Boiler chemicals treat feed water as well as boiler internal surfaces. As feedwater gets settles, the dissolved solids and impurities begin to precipitate at the base, and with continuous accumulation of salts, when they exceeds their solvency levels form scales on the internals.

The presence of calcium, magnesium salts, and a high concentration of silica is the major causes of scale formation. It consists of carbonates, bicarbonates, sulfates, etc. Along with dissolved salts, there are also some suspended solids in the boiler feedwater that get precipitated as sludge. These are not hard as compared to scales, but if it is overlooked, sludge gets hardened due to continuous heating in the boiler.


Characteristics of most common deposits

  • Carbonate deposits, large granules, and porous forms dense and uniform pitting and scaling over the surface

  • Sulphate deposits, crystalline, fine particles but a bit harder and denser than a regular carbonate deposit

  • Hard and not so easy to remove silica deposits, extremely small, forms a dense and impervious scaling

  • Iron deposits



How do scales form?

A large number of components dissolved in the water gets deposited on the surface of the boiler system, leading to impurities in the water. The precipitation of impurities from the feed water on the heat transfer or metal surface on the boiler causes scale formation. At the point when this feed water goes into the heater, it begins to precipitate at the base, the salts being abandoned. Continuous expanding of salts and when it crosses the solubility limit of water, the salts get saved as scales. In continuous operation of the boiler, it forms a layer on the metal surface which affect the heat transfer in the boiler.

The presence of calcium, magnesium salts, and a high concentration of silica is the major causes of scale formation. It also consists of carbonates, bicarbonates, sulfates, etc. Along with dissolved salts, there are also some suspended solids in the boiler feedwater that get precipitated as sludge. These are not hard as compared to scales, but if it is overlooked, sludge gets hardened due to continuous heating in the boiler.

If the feed water is not treated properly then the boiler can suffer from poor efficiency and permanent damage to equipment, which may shorten its life and cause them to explode due to excessive heat.


Boiler chemicals are designed to remove mineral scales, metal oxide, hard deposits of water scale, iron oxides, oily contaminants, sludge, lime, and greasy deposits from the boiler internals. Using these chemicals regularly ensures the protection of system metallurgy, providing a long service life for the boiler system.


Features & Benefits:

· Cleans effectively and efficiently

· Prevents scale, sludge formation, corrosive deposition, etc.

· Removes oil and grease effectively

· Reduce maintenance costs and ensure the long-term service life


https://www.water-chemicals.com/boiler-chemicals/

71 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All