SDG 6 in India
Updated: Feb 18
India has access to a mere 4% of potable water, feeding nearly 16% of world population.
An estimation for doubling of demand for clean water in comparison with to the resources, causing severe water scarcity. Therefore, progress incorporated with strategic plans and practices, especially in today’s adverse circumstances, need to be implemented to create an awareness on effective usage of water. In fact, the Government of India has “Ministry of Jal Shakti” to address issues related to water usage and sanitation.
What is SDG6?
Sustainable Development Goal 6 is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations General Assembly to "Ensure Availability and Sustainable Management of Water and Sanitation for all"
The UN-SDG goal 6 states that Water sustains life, but safe clean drinking water defines civilization.
It is a responsibility of each one of us to ensure that our water bodies remain safe and adequate for drinking and other potable activities. Immobile places of water, including streams, tanks, and pipelines generally get contaminated or polluted because of the convergence of urbanization and unplanned utilization. Untreated wastewater utilized for watering system poses potential risk to well being of both consumers and farmers, and wastewater sanitation concerns need to be satisfactorily attended.
Therefore, various new missions pertaining to water conservation and harvesting have been launched in order to curb down the afflicts of wastewater, drought, dryness and irregular rainfall. New techniques of surface water harvesting, ground water harvesting have been adopted by states like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, etc. in order to pull-off water availability for future.
Government of India’s initiatives like Namami Gange which dealt with the conservation of River Ganga, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, National Rural Drinking Water Programme have hugely contributed towards water sanitation and cleaning programme.
Not only these programs have improved access to clean water but also helped at advancement of pour-flush toilets, reduction in manual scavenging, solid effluents, creating awareness and bringing out positive mindset change among local residents.
Andhra Pradesh became the top-performing among all the states on Indicators of SDG 6
Chemtex Speciality Limited at par with GOI and NGO's for clean water and sanitation program take on possible ways to prevent water from being contaminated, such as
Utilizing newer technologies to re-use wastewater
Checking outflow of industrial wastes into water sources like rivers, ponds, etc.
Preventing contamination of farm fields with chemicals and their washing off to nearest water reservoirs
Preventing contamination of artificial drinking water storage tanks and pipelines.
Managing water storage system to prevent expansion of water borne diseases
Use of advanced water sanitation technology
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Source: NITI Aayog 2019