WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT
Wastewater or raw water refers to all effluents generated from domestic, commercial establishments. Wastewater contents range from hazardous chemicals to dissolved solids, suspended matter of all sizes, microbial cultures. Municipal and industrial effluents pose direct/ indirect threat to the environment if not properly addressed. Agriculture, uses about 70 – 90% global fresh water use and treatment and reuse of wastewater in agriculture conserve free water, improves soil integrity, checks mixing with surface water, and is economical.
Wastewater treatment is a process of converting wastewater into effluents that can be returned to the environment with minimal environmental threats.